The Ottawa Parliament Hill, also known as ‘The Hill,’ is the location of the Canadian Parliament. Its three Gothic-style parliamentary buildings dominate the Ottawa River, with the East Block and West Block mainly serving as office space. At the same time, the Centre Block houses the House of Commons and Senate Chambers. In addition, the Peace Tower dominates the front of the building. In 1976, the site was designated a National Historic Site. In 1861, a volunteer bureaucratic group called the Civic Service Rifle Corps was established. It first began in places to visit in Quebec city and then moved to Ottawa. Later, it was renamed the Civil Service Rifle Regiment and disbanded in 1868. In 1869, two of its companies formed the nucleus of the Governor General’s Foot Guards, a military unit of the federal government.

Parliament Hill was a popular place for tourists in the late nineteenth century. Its neo-Gothic Parliament Buildings, surrounding gardens, and statues of Canadian sovereigns and politicians, were well-known landmarks in Ottawa Parliament Hill Design. Originally, the hill was known as Lovers’ Walk. During that time, a bluff about halfway up the escarpment offered romantic views of the Ottawa River. today, it is an iconic landmark of Ottawa. The historic buildings of the National Assembly and the Canadian Parliament are visible from any part of the grounds. The Parliament Building, built in 1832, is a great example of neoclassical architecture and Parliament Hill History. It’s a gorgeous location, so it’s no surprise that it’s often used for community gatherings. In this building, several different groups make their home. Sessions of the national legislature take place there.

Ottawa's Parliament Hill 10 Interesting Things

If you’re planning a trip to Ottawa, check out Parliament Hill. This iconic Canadian landmark is home to many attractions, including the National Gallery of Canada, the War Museum and the Canadian Museum of History.

Here are the top 10 facts about Ottawa Parliament Hill to know about :

1. Tom Mulcair’s Office Has a Secret Door

There are a lot of hidden treasures on Ottawa’s Parliament Hill. Tom Mulcair’s office, for instance, has a peculiar entrance that may or may not be a part of the plot. A wall conceals this doorway only the select few have found. Politicians often use it to make a covert exit from the building. furniture and other bulky items are transported via this entryway between the Parliamentary Library and Mulcair’s office. Furthermore, it serves as a venue for deliveries and other special occasions. Neither the date of its construction nor its design is known with any certainty. The enigma, though, is too intriguing to ignore!

2. Historical Fossil Trove and The Library

Historical Fossil Trove and The Library

Ottawa Parliament Hill is home to one of the world’s most beautiful libraries, and it’s also home to some of Ottawa’s oldest and most prehistoric fossils. The library on Parliament Hill is home to some of the world’s oldest and most prehistoric fossils. These fossils date back to the Cambrian Period, over 500 million years ago. the Library of Parliament is another must-see on Parliament Hill. More than two million books and archival materials may be found here. The main reading area has a picture by Sir John A. Macdonald and other historical relics. When in Ottawa, don’t miss out on a visit to Parliament Hill and Parliament Hill events. You may visit some of Toronto’s best art galleries and sculpture parks.

3. Sir John A. MacDonald’s Portrait

The Prime Minister’s Office may be on Parliament Hill (PMO). You may find this office on the very top level of the main building on Parliament Hill. The PMO, which dates back to 1928, is among the biggest and grandest government buildings in the whole world. tourists also go to Parliament Hill’s Centre Block area. Several government agencies and the Senate Chamber may be found in this building. There’s a huge statue of Sir John A. Macdonald there as well.

4. The First Sculpture on Parliament Hill

The Canadian Peace Tower, a globally recognised monument, may be seen on Parliament Hill. Built-in 1957 out of bronze and granite, the tower is an architectural landmark. Its height is 151 feet, and its weight is 1815 tonnes. gthe Peace Tower isn’t the only notable landmark on Parliament Hill, there’s also a statue of Sir John A. Macdonald and one of Edward Cornwallis. The National Gallery of Canada and the Canadian War Museum are just two museums that may be found on Parliament Hill. 

5. Untimely Clock

Untimely Clock

Parliament Hill is a fantastic choice to visit if you’re searching for a spot to spend a day or two in Ottawa. The National Gallery of Canada and the Centre Block are just two fascinating buildings on Parliament Hill. The clock atop Parliament Hill is a major tourist draw. One of the most photographed landmarks in Ottawa, the clock can be seen in front of the Centre Block. The bronze clock was crafted in its current form in 1879.

6. Je Me Souviens

The architect of the Quebec Parliament Building, Eugène-Étienne Taché, is credited with writing the phrase ‘Je me souviens,’ which appears on all Québec tags. It is located above the main thoroughfare and served as a blueprint for the Parliament building’s architectural design. The adage praises New France’s greats and the British system’s major personalities because they are like the prominent features that draw attention to a building.

7. Monuments on Parliament Hill

Monuments on Parliament Hill
Credits : Commons Wikimedia

In addition to the National War Memorial, Ottawa has many other monuments and memorials. These include the War of 1812 Monument, the Suffragettes Memorial, and the Police and Peace Officers Memorial. Since its dedication in 1939, this memorial has been an integral part of the Ottawa landscape. But it has also become the centre of controversy for years. the War of 1812 Monument overlooks Confederation Square and the National War Memorial. It was intended to be a temporary monument, but due to its popularity, it has remained permanently. In addition to the War of 1812 Monument, Canada’s Parliament had a smaller tower, the Victoria Tower, which once held a bell.

8. Parliament Hill’s NGC

Parliament Hill's NGC

The National Gallery of Canada is a national art museum in Ottawa, Ontario. It is one of the largest art museums in North America. It occupies 46,621 square metres, with over 12,000 square metres dedicated to exhibiting art. The building has a permanent collection of more than 1 million art pieces. the National Gallery of Canada sits on a rocky outcrop adjacent to the Canadian Parliament buildings. It was designed to be a civic landmark and showcase Canada’s treasured collection of works of art. The building’s design features a series of glazed spaces connecting large day-lit exhibition halls. It also features a courtyard and an interior garden atrium.

9. Busy Bees – Research Fantastic Nurseries

Ottawa’s Parliament Hill is worth a visit if you’re looking for a place to explore that’s both interesting and educational. The gardens, museums, and other attractions on the hill are well worth your time, and there’s always something new to see. sunbathers flock to the gardens on Parliament Hill. There’s even a pool to cool off in. One of the most visited places in Ottawa is the ‘Busy Bees’ nursery. Over 2,000 species of plants, animals, and insects live there. The nursery also offers tours, and visitors can interact with the animals that call it home.

10. The Confederation Wall

Finally, the Confederation Wall on Parliament Hill is a must-see for any history buff interested in Canada. During the early years of Canadian history, this wall served as the dividing line between British North America and French Canada.

Parliament Hill Highlights

Some of the top facts about Parliament Hill History include the following :

    • The original building on Parliament Hill was destroyed by fire in 1849.
    • The present building was designed by John A. Macdonald and built between 1856 and 1859.
    • The original Ottawa Parliament Hill Design was made from wood, but the current building is made from stone and metal.
    • The tower on Parliament Hill is 124 feet high and has a viewing platform that is open to the public.
    • There are 45 statues on Parliament Hill, including a statue of Sir John A. Macdonald (the first prime minister of Canada).
    • The grounds around Parliament Hill are open to the public, and Parliament Hill events 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.


If you’re ever in Ottawa and want to experience some of the best architecture and views in Canada, be sure to visit Parliament Hill. this iconic building is a must-see for anyone visiting Ottawa, regardless of their interests or reasons. From the stunning gardens home to impressive statuary to the awe-inspiring view of downtown Ottawa from atop the hill, Parliament Hill is an unforgettable stop on any visitor’s itinerary.

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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

Can you visit Parliament without a tour?

You can visit Parliament without a tour if you have a photo ID and a pass. If you don't have a photo ID or pass, you can purchase one at the information desk on the ground floor of the Centre Block.

How many buildings make up Parliament Hill?

Located in Ottawa, the Parliament Hill Complex includes three buildings: the Centre Block (the main building), the West Block, and the East Block. The Centre Block is a neoclassical sandstone building with a domed roof designed by Thomas Fuller in 1829. The East and West Blocks were designed by Edward Bloor and Arthur William Shore and completed in 1859 and 1884, respectively.

Why was Parliament Hill built?

Parliament Hill was originally built in 1857 as the home of the Parliament of Canada. It served as the seat of government for the Canadian provinces and territories until Ottawa City Hall replaced it in 1962. The hill is located in downtown Ottawa and is surrounded by several important landmarks, including the Centre Block (the former Parliament Buildings), the Peace Tower (a national symbol), and the Rideau Canal. Today, Parliament Hill is a popular tourist destination and a major centre for political activity in Canada.

Who protects Parliament buildings?

Parliament Hill is guarded by the Canadian Mounted Police (CMP). The CMP is a national police force responsible for protecting all federal buildings, including Parliament Hill. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police are the ones who are in charge of keeping Parliament Hill safe.

How many houses are there in Parliament?

The Parliament Buildings on Parliament Hill are made up of five houses- The House of Commons, the Senate, the Library of Canada, the Supreme Court of Canada, and the Canada Gallery.